A missing tooth may affect the way you look and a toothless smile can also make you less attractive. Dental implants are the perfect option for people who have lost a tooth or teeth due to an injury, periodontal disease, or some other reason. Natural teeth consist of the crown and the root. The crown is the visible section that is covered with white enamel. The tooth root supports the crown and extends into the jawbone. In a dental implant an artificial tooth root is placed into your jaw to hold a replacement tooth or bridge.

There are commonly three parts in an implant

  1. The implant device itself which is inserted directly into the bone
  2. The abutment – the piece that connects the implant device to the third part, and
  3. The overlying crown or denture.


Today’s implants are predominantly made of titanium, a metal that is bio-compatible. It offers great strength and durability as well. It has a unique property of fusing directly to bone through the process known as osseointegration. These replacement teeth are usually made in such a way to match the natural tooth enamel color of the patient.


Types of Dental Implants

There are two types of dental implants which are considered to be safe.

  • Endosteal Implants: This is the most commonly used implant wherein they are implanted directly into the jawbone through surgery. A second surgery is done when the surrounding gum tissue has healed properly. In the second surgery a post is connected to the original implant. The artificial tooth or teeth is finally attached to the post either individually or grouped on a denture or bridge. This type of implant is generally used as an alternative for patients with bridges or removable dentures.
  • Subperiosteal implants: These implants are placed on top of the jaw with a metallic framework. The frame becomes fixed to the jaw bone once the gums heal and the posts which are attached to the frame protrude though the gums. The artificial teeth are then mounted on the posts. These types of implants are used for patients who are unable to wear conventional dentures and who have minimal bone height.


Your dentist and periodontist will work together to make your dreams come true. Dental implants are like your own teeth and will require proper care. In order to keep your implant clean and plaque-free, brushing and flossing is recommended.

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