Root Canal Treatment

Root Canal Treatment

Root Canal Treatment

When the nerve of your tooth becomes infected a successful root canal treatment is highly recommended. It lets you retain the tooth rather than having to pull it out. By retaining your tooth you can prevent your other teeth from drifting out of line.  Saving a natural tooth avoids having to replace it with an artificial tooth else it will cause jaw problems.

 What is Root Canal?

The root canal system is the space inside the hard layers of each tooth. It is filled with soft dental pulp which is made up of nerves and blood vessels. They also help your tooth to grow and develop. When bacteria or germs enter your tooth through cracks deep cavities, or flawed fillings, your tooth can become abscessed. An abscessed tooth is a tooth with an infection in the pulp.  It may cause pain and/or swelling and it has to be removed. If the abscessed tooth is left untreated it can cause serious oral health problems. It is best advised that you approach a dentist to relieve you of this problem.

The dentist can notice the infection from a dental x-ray and also from the other changes in the tooth. They may conduct a root canal treatment or refer you to an endodontist who specializes in root canal treatment.


  • Severe toothache while chewing
  • Prolonged pain or sensitivity to cold and hot substance
  • Discoloration or darkening of the tooth
  • Tenderness and swelling in the adjacent gums
  • Occurrence of pimples in the gums


Process of the treatment

Root canal treatment is also known as endodontic treatment. It is the process of removing infected, injured or dead pulp from your tooth.

  • The dentist will give you a local anesthetic.
  • A rubber dam is placed around the tooth which is treated during the treatment to protect it from bacteria in your saliva.
  • An opening is made in the tooth to reach the root canal system and the damaged pulp.
  • The pulp is removed using very fine dental instruments by cleaning and enlarging the root canal system.
  • After cleaning the canal the dentist fills and seals the canal.
  • Next, the opening of the tooth is sealed with either a temporary or permanent filling.


A prosthodontist is a dental specialist who helps to restore and replace the infected teeth using crowns, bridges, implants and dentures or a permanent filling. The choice of restoration will depend on the strength of the part of the tooth that’s left. A back tooth will likely need a crown because chewing puts a great deal of force on back teeth. If there is not enough of the tooth left, posts may be used to help support the crown.

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